Head Injuries

Head injuries can be either closed or open (penetrating)

107 out of 100,000 people sustain a traumatic brain injury

Males are more likely to sustain a TBI than females

WHAT CAUSES

Head Injuries

Head injuries are damage to the scalp, skull or brain caused by trauma. The severity of a head injury can range from a minor bump to severe – skull fracture, concussion, or traumatic brain injury (TBI). Head injuries can be the result of accidents at home, work, sports incidents, falls or traffic accidents.

HOW TO TREAT

Head Injuries

Most cases of head injury are minor and do not require specialised attention or hospitalisation. Severe head injury, however, requires immediate attention by a medical professional.

Symptoms and Signs

Call 000 immediately if you or someone you know are experiencing any of the following signs or symptoms as a result of a head injury:

  • Head or facial bleeding
  • Fluid leakage from the nose or ears
  • Headache
  • Inability to concentrate
  • Discolouration below the eyes or behind the ears
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Confusion
  • Loss of balance
  • Weakness in limbs
  • Unequal pupil size
  • Slurred speech
  • Seizures

More First Aid Posts

23
Jun

Why a first aid kit is essential for every home and car

Medical emergencies can occur in the blink of an eye, when we least expect it. Whether you’re at home, in the office or in the car, having a first aid kit containing the right supplies can be lifesaving in emergency situations.Keep reading to learn why a first aid kit is essential for every home and...
Read More
21
May

How to treat someone who has difficulty breathing

Struggling to breathe can be an uncomfortable and distressing experience, especially for those who may have never seen or experienced it before.If your shortness of breath isn’t caused by a medical emergency, there are a number of ways to help alleviate this condition. Many solutions simply involve changing your body’s position, which can help relax...
Read More
09
Apr

How To Perform Basic First Aid

You never know when an emergency could strike. While your first step to handling any emergency situation should be to call 000, knowing how to perform basic first aid can mean the difference between life and death. No matter what industry you’re in, basic knowledge of first aid is an essential life skill that can...
Read More
25
Mar

What should a home first aid kit contain?

Every Australian home should have a properly stocked first aid kit. If you’ve been meaning to put together a first aid kit but don’t know where to start, we’ve made it easy. Here are seven items you should always have on hand to treat common injuries that happen in the home. Plastic plaster Let’s start...
Read More
25
Mar

How To Be Prepared For An Emergency During Storm Season

With storm season kicking in, you can bet those intense Australian storms are just around the corner. Here’s a guide on how to prepare for an emergency during storm season. Secure your yard Have you taken a look around your yard and identified anything that could be a potential missile? If a storm hits, anything...
Read More
25
Mar

Top Tips For Homecare Wound Maintenance

Whether it’s a scratch, cut or graze, open wounds are something that we’d rather go without. If you do happen to hurt yourself at home or at work, it’s best you know how to maintain the wound, the right way. Here are some tips for homecare wound maintenance that will help speed up the healing...
Read More
10
Dec

How to Treat Annoying & Painful Finger Cuts

Finger cuts might not be the most serious injury but that does not mean they are not painful and annoying. Here is your guide to treating a finger cut quickly and effectively for maximised pain relief and a fast recovery. Keeping Cuts Sanitary The kitchen is where more hand wounds happen than anywhere else, and...
Read More
10
Dec

Why Don’t Australians Know First Aid?

Australia is home to deadly snakes, treacherous countryside, endless highways, deceptively dangerous surf and increasing bushfires. With these dangers being so common, you would be forgiven for thinking that Australians must lead the way in first aid training. According to the Red Cross, you couldn’t be more wrong. In fact, Australia has perhaps the lowest...
Read More
17
Oct

A Guide to identifying and treating burns

Turning on the hot water tap instead of the cold, touching a hot plate not realising it’s on, burns are one of the most common household injuries, especially amongst children. Even a minor burn can be extremely painful, and when not treated properly, can lead to infection. In this article we’ll take you through the...
Read More